What is Online News?
سمعها is a term used to describe news that is available on the Internet. It is a broad field that includes both trade and scholarly publications.
By comparing the sourcing practices of different online news formats, this article proposes a typology that is able to distinguish between four more or less distinct types of Internet news sites. This typology is designed to enable analytical specificity in future research.
1. It is Free
Online News is free to access for most users, but it’s important to remember that journalists still need to make money to produce quality journalism. To do so, news sites rely on advertising and subscriptions (or a combination of both). This is why many private news outlets are trying to find ways to charge for their content, including hard or metered paywalls, freemium models, memberships, and micropayments.
In countries where free news is common, such as the US and Norway, most people get their news from one or a few paid sources. But there is also a significant minority who take out multiple subscriptions, including local or specialist titles in addition to a national one.
When deciding whether to read behind a news site’s paywall, many consumers weigh up personal benefits such as distinctive content and convenience against perceived benefits for society such as holding politicians to account and having a strong independent media. Some readers also use tools such as VPN services and annotation apps like Outline to bypass newspaper paywalls.
2. It is Easy to Access
The most widely-used way to access news online is through aggregators, such as Google News or Yahoo News. These sources collect and transmit stories from a variety of different media outlets, including newspapers and other publications, television and radio, wire services, blogs, and social media. These sites do not generally have their own journalists or reporters; instead, they focus on providing a collection of the latest and most relevant news in a single place.
Many people who use aggregators say they prefer them because they offer easy, flexible, and uncluttered access to multiple sources. But the current way these sources are sold does not always match people’s preferences – for example, one-stop-shop paid aggregators have struggled to gain traction because they do not include all the major news sources that people say they would like to see in their news feeds. In addition, they are often expensive. In many cases, people can’t afford to subscribe to several online news outlets and may end up using less reputable or more sensational sources in order to stay informed.
3. It is Easy to Share
Online newsrooms are great for sharing eye-catching news with employees, partners and consumers. They are also a good way to keep everyone up to date with company news and events.
While this seems a positive for journalism, it can cause problems for people who read the bite-size news articles shared on social media without clicking through to the original article. This can create social media echo chambers that can influence how we think and can distort how we view the world.
When we share a news story, whether it is from a trusted source or not, it may have identifying metadata embedded in the file, or information about who created the file. To avoid sharing files that contain this kind of metadata, try to use screenshots instead of the actual files. This is especially important when sharing news that may be used to incite a political movement or evoke strong emotions such as patriotism, fear or love.
4. It is Easy to Find
Online News is available in a variety of formats and on all kinds of platforms. There are news websites, blogs, podcasts, and aggregation apps like Apple News or Flipboard. Thousands of professional news outlets have launched their own sites, while millions of amateur and citizen journalists also produce and disseminate news online.
Unlike traditional print newspapers, online News are often more interactive and focus on public connectivity. This can be seen in the form of comments or sharing.
The speed of the Internet has radically changed the way journalists work. They are now required to produce their content much faster than before, allowing them to cover breaking stories as they happen.
Many online News outlets publish their content on social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter. These outlets typically use highly condensed announcements that link back to the news outlet’s website for more information. They also contribute to blogs and podcasts, which can be a great way to reach new audiences.